Queen's Bench

Queen's Bench
King's (Queen's) Bench
One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being "coram ipso rege."
It was called the "queen's bench" in the reign of a queen, and during the protectorate of Cromwell it was styled the "upper bench."
It consisted of a chief justice and three puisne justices, who were by their office the sovereign conservators of the peace and supreme coroners of the land. It was a remnant of the aula regis, and was not originally fixed to any certain place, but might follow the king's person, though for some centuries past it usually sat at Westminster. It had a very extended jurisdiction both in criminal and civil causes; the former in what was called the "crown side" or "crown office," the latter in the "plea side," of the court. Its civil jurisdiction was gradually enlarged until it embraced all species of personal actions. By the Judicature Act of 1873 the jurisdiction of this court was assigned to the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Queen's Bench — n: a division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales that hears civil cases (as commercial cases) and appeals of criminal cases used during the reign of a queen compare king s bench Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — Queen Queen, n. [OE. quen, quene, queen, quean, AS. cw[=e]n wife, queen, woman; akin to OS. qu[=a]n wife, woman, Icel. kv[=a]n wife, queen, Goth. q[=e]ns. [root]221. See {Quean}.] 1. The wife of a king. [1913 Webster] 2. A woman who is the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Queen's Bench — Queen s Bench, the also the Queen s Bench Division a division of the ↑High Court of Justice in England and Wales. This name is used when a queen is ruling, and it changes to the King s Bench when a king is ruling. →↑High Court …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Queen's Bench — or Queen s Counsel or queen s English n. see KING S BENCH, KING S COUNSEL, KING S ENGLISH, etc. * * * …   Universalium

  • Queen's Bench — or Queen s Counsel or queen s English n. see KING S BENCH, KING S COUNSEL, KING S ENGLISH, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — Queen s Bench, s. King s Bench …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Queen's Bench — Queen s′ Bench′ n. law See King s Bench …   From formal English to slang

  • Queen's Bench — Monarchy of Canada …   Wikipedia

  • queen's bench — noun Usage: usually capitalized Q&B : court of king s bench used when the British monarch is a queen * * * Queen s Bench (or King s Bench in a king s reign) noun A division of the High Court of Justice • • • Main Entry: ↑queen * * * Queen s Bench …   Useful english dictionary

  • Queen's Bench — King s (Queen s) Bench One of the superior courts of common law in England, being so called because the king (or queen) used formerly to sit there in person, the style of the court being coram ipso rege. It was called the queen s bench in the… …   Black's law dictionary

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